PETERSBURG, Virginia --
"40 Acres & a Mule!"
An early history of: "Trust Me, I'm from the [Yankee] Government and I'm here to help you!"
"The effects of the policy calling for the quick transition of Freedmen to free wage earners was evident by the fall of 1865.
In September, Captain Barnes ordered: "No issue of rations to Freedmen will be made when they are able to work." The issuance of food rations in the Petersburg Sub-District was cut drastically.
In August 1865, 2800 rations were issued. By November this allotment had been cut to Freedmen to 186 rations, and in September 1867, all aid by the Freedmen's Bureau to the poor and unemployed came to an end. Eventually this duty was assumed by the Board of Overseers of the Poor, an agency of the Petersburg city government. .................................."
"Freedmen's Bureau agents ["Yankee" Occupation Troops] in Petersburg were ordered to call public meetings of all Freedmen and explain to Blacks that they would not receive "forty acres and a mule."
"Colonel Brown ordered Captain Barnes to "take the earliest opportunity to explain to the Freedmen that no lands will be given them by the government, that the government has but a small quantity of land in the State."
In compliance with these orders Captain Barnes held a Freedmen's meeting at the Union Street Methodist Church in Petersburg, telling them that their old masters were not their enemies but their future employers, and it was made clear that the White man's land was not to be distributed to the Freedmen.
Several prosperous antebellum Free Blacks addressed the Freedmen, seconding the views expressed by Captain Barnes. The Freedmen at the Union Street meeting heard that the Freedmen's Bureau could not grant land because little had been confiscated in the Petersburg area."
" In a widely circulated printed broadside issued on 1July1865,
Colonel Brown advised the Freedmen:
"The difference between your former and your present condition is this: formerly your labor was directed, and the proceeds is taken by your masters and you were cared for by them, now you are to direct and receive the proceeds of your own labor and care for yourselves. Can you do this? This is the question you must now answer to the world. Your friends believe you can and will. The Government and charity will aid you, but this assistance will be" of little advantage unless you help yourselves."
The "40 Acres & a Mule" story below is documented in the Petersburg history book, The Unredeemed City: Reconstruction in Petersburg, Virginia 1865-1874 by William D. Henderson, University Press of America, 1977. This book can be found at the library, or you can contact me for a source of reading. (About the Author -- Click on author's name above)
During the early 1900’s, many members of the United Confederate Veterans (UCV) advocated awarding former slaves rural acreage and a home. There was hope that justice could be given those former slaves that were once promised “forty acres and a mule” but never received any.
In the 1913 Confederate Veteran magazine published by the United Confederate Veterans printed the following:
If not Democratic, it is [the] Confederate thing to do!
There was much Southern gratitude toward former slaves, which “thousands were loyal Southerners, to the last degree”, and who were now living with total poverty in the big cities.
Unfortunately, their proposal fell on deaf ears on Capitol Hill. "
TO READ MORE ABOUT THE CAUSES OF THE WAR OF NORTHERN AGRESSION / OR
AS SOME CALL IT, THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES PLEASE................
Click On The Southern Belle's Bonnet Below For Some Facts
Hanover County Virginia, 2005
Examples of Yankee Trickery –
"The Coming of the Glory, John S. Tilley, Page 149, Footnotes 13 and 14
(Klu Klux Report, Alabama Testimony, p 319)
(Transactions Alabama Historical Society, V.4, Letters W.F. Samford)
“Some of the more imaginative of the negro’s new friends were to give rather fancy exhibitions of Yankee ingenuity. Among these, one was as simple as it was profitable; they displayed stocks of brightly painted wooden pegs representing them as authorized by Washington for the freedmen’s use in marking the corners of the lands that were shortly to receive. Eager purchasers overwhelmed their benefactors in a rush to secure the markers – at a bargain price of $1 per peg. The sale took on added momentum when from the Union soldiers came confirmation of the report that lands in the South were to be divided after this fashion.”
" When They Could, Some Southerners Did Try To Help Under